Failed SCR/Diode Testing using a Standard Multimeter
- Power Semiconductor Testing
- 12 Dec, 2019
How to Test for Failed Silicon Controlled Rectifier (SCR) Thyristor or Diode Using Multimeter
There are some simple ways you can test for failed SCR or Diode using a multiemeter and will dioagnose 95% of typical device failures. In our example we are looking at a egneric 160 Amp Dual Isolated Power Module MCC162-16io1 from IXYS. The same method can be applied to any type of SCR/Diode in or outside of a Bridge, AC switch circuit, or indiviuallly. With reference to the Gate, Cathode and Anode as the relevant pins we will connect to for tesing, the pins are the same for all reputable brands.
Diode vs SCR
SCR simply acts like a Diode when the gate voltage is applied, is it as in its name a Controlled Rectifer. To test the SCR or Diode we need to check for short or open circuit on the Anode to cathode and test for high impedance Anode to Cathode and from Gate to Cathode(SCR's only) which are the main failure modes.
1) Anode to Cathode Test for both Diodes and Thyristors (SCR)
Please set the multimeter to diode/short circuit test and make sure the probels are connected for voltage test. You then test both directions of the Diode/SCR by firmly connecting the positive(red) to Pin 1 and negative(black) probes to Pin 2, and for the second diode connecting the positive(red) to Pin 3 and negative(black) probes to Pin 6.
If the multimeter beeps there is a short circuit and the SCR has failed. If no beep connect the two probes from the multimeter together to ensure the multimeter is functioning properly. Then recheck the pins again from above.
For the diode you will expect to see a voltage of arounc 0.3-0.7V when testing the forward direction. I.e. Anode (postive-red probe), to Cathode (negative-black probe).
Reverse bias test with Cathode (postive-red probe), to Anode (negative-black probe) should not give a beep. If the multimeter does beep then we can say the diode is failed short circuit.
For SCR you will get no beep for both forward and reverse bias tests.
If there no beep we should further check the restiance to confirm confirm the SCR/Diode has not failed short, or open circuit
2) Resistance test to check for open/short circuit confirmation
As a secondary test we now switch the multimeter to resistance (Ohm) test mode. we then measure the Anode to cathode on both of the devices. You should see hundreds of kOhm to mOhm value. If the impedance is low, in the order of a few thousand kilohms or Ohm then it is a partial failure to short. This can reconfirm the above results or in some cases indicate a partial failure or 'suspect' device as we call them in the industry.
3) SCR Gate Cathode Resistance Test
The last test is only for SCR's and is for testing the gate to Cathode on each SCR. Please use resitance test again and check Pin 5 to Pin 2, and Pin 6 to Pin 3. The impedance should be under 10 Ohm or around 10-50 Ohm. If it is very high then the gate is failed or high impedance which will cause firign issue form a drive circuit without adequate drive capability. This failure mode is the most likely failure when the SCR control/firing card has experienced board failure. This can occur due to lightning strikes or transient surges.
If these tests come up ok, and you are still experiencing issues please contact us and enquire about our in house device testing. We can take it a step further using some specialist test equipment we use in production.
We also sell suitable test equipment as follows.
Feel free to contact us for any further information